Takeda, Kayoko. Interpreting the Tokyo War Crimes Trials: A Sociopolitical Analysis.
The trials were held in the old assembly hall of the army officer’s academy; for those defendants who had come out of the army, I suppose that must have been quite a strange experience.
The court in session with the justices seated on the raised platform. The flags behind them give a sense (fair or unfair) of who the trial is for.
The Tokyo Trials required an immense amount of background work, from translation to categorizing and recording all the evidence to simply keeping the building running. This staff photo gives you an idea of the number of people working behind the scenes to keep it all going.
A shot of the court in full session.
Interpreters like these men were responsible for breaking down language barriers for defendants, prosecutors, and judges; the official trial language was English, but several defendants and at least one judge (the Russian one) didn’t speak it.
Japanese nationals entering the court were subject to search; this did not go a long way towards convincing them that this trial was for their benefit.
This week, we round out our look at the hard left in Japan. Militant communist uprisings (if less than 100 people counts as an uprising), electoral maneuvering, recycling policy — this episode has it all.
This week, we’ll see how the advent of the Liberal Democratic Party kept Japan’s socialist and communist parties from real power during the postwar era. How did we get from a revolutionary moment to permanent political sidelining for the Japanese left?
Today, we’ll turn our attention to a set of ideas that will ultimately fall flat on their face in Japan (and most other places): Marxism. How did the hard left come to Japan? And before that, what even is Marxism?