This week: karate comes to mainland Japan (and gets a rebrand in the process), and the Butokukai’s attempts to militarize the martial arts backfire when the Americans come to town.
Listen to the episode here.
Gainty, Denis. Martial Arts and the Body Politic in Meiji Japan.
Haines, Bruce. Karate’s History and Traditions.
Funakoshi, Gichin. Karate-do Nyumon.