Episode 197 – Fist of Legend, Part 4

This week: karate comes to mainland Japan (and gets a rebrand in the process), and the Butokukai’s attempts to militarize the martial arts backfire when the Americans come to town.

Listen to the episode here.

Sources

Gainty, Denis. Martial Arts and the Body Politic in Meiji Japan.

Haines, Bruce. Karate’s History and Traditions.

Funakoshi, Gichin. Karate-do Nyumon.

Images

220px-Funakoshi_Gichin
Funakoshi Gichin as a younger man.
6edca1e6c96c417feda77b3ff1f5b458
Funakoshi Gichin after the Second World War.
Funakoshi_memorial
The monument to Funakoshi Gichin at Engakuji, placed there by his mainland Japanese students in the 1970s.
2_4_Gakko-Naginatado
Naginata training like this was traditionally associated with female samurai during the Edo period; during the 20th century, the art of Naginata-do retained that association. It is still dominated by female practitioners to this day.
300px-JUJITSU_(AND_RIFLES)_in_an_agricultural_school
By the 1920s, budo training in state run schools (like this state-run agricultural college in the 1920s) was commonplace. By the time of World War II, it became mandatory in secondary schools.
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