This week, we’ll move into the tumultuous events of 1863. Challenges foreign and domestic are going to upset the balance of power that has existed since the death of Ii Naosuke, and drive Japan ever closer to civil war.
Listen to the episode here.
Craig, Albert. Choshu in the Meiji Restoration.
Beasley, W.G. The Meiji Restoration.
Jansen, Marius. Sakamoto Ryoma and the Meiji Restoration.
Hashimoto Mitsuru, “Collision at Namamugi.” Representations 18 (Spring, 1987).