This week, we’ll delve into the origins of Japan’s war with China and the strain that conflict placed on Japan’s relationship with the US. In the course of the 9 years from the invasion of Manchuria to the second appointment of Konoe Fumimaro as Prime Minister, Japan will become bogged down in an unwinnable war and find itself facing a far more assertive United States.
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Barnhart, Michael A.
Japan Prepares for Total War: The Search for Economic Security, 1919-1941.
Threshold of War: Franklin D. Roosevelt & American Entry Into World War II.
Japan 1941: Countdown to Infamy.
Against a Pacifism Centered on England and America .
Forgotten Ally: China’s World War II 1937-1945.
Japan Walks Out of the League of Nations
Sinking of the USS Panay
The Lytton Commission in Shanghai as they prepare to investigate goings on in Manchuria. Matsuoka Yosuke addressing the League of Nations. Franklin Delano Roosevelt (right) with his predecessor Herbert Hoover on Inauguration Day in March, 1933. Roosevelt’s leadership style would prove the antithesis of the weak style of Konoe. Konoe Fumimaro at the time of his first appointment as Prime Minister in 1937. Massacre victims piled on the shore of the Yangtze River after the Japanese occupation of Nanjing. The USS Panay sinking in the Yangtze after being struck by Japanese fighters during the sack of Nanjing. Chinese troops counterattacking at Taierzhuang in Summer, 1938; such victories slowed the Japanese advance and gave the Chinese time to settle in for the long war. Yonai Mitsumasa addressing the Diet in early 1940. Yonai would attempt to defuse tensions between the US and Japan but be blocked by the army and hardliners in the navy. Konoe Fumimaro’s 2nd cabinet in 1940. Tojo Hideki is standing in the second row on the left side.