Matsumoto Joji’s draft and associated notes. Matsumoto’s blindness to the new realities of Japanese politics doomed his work to becoming a footnote in Japanese history.
Charles Kades, the New York-born progressive New Dealer put in charge of the drafting committee.
The emperor’s signature (top right) on the new constitution.
The Society for the Popularization of the Constitution produced a series of illustrations written in simple, modern Japanese (just like the constitution itself) to help average citizens understand its meaning. This one describes the duties and role of the Emperor in the new system.
Another Kenpo Fukyu Kai poster, this one discussing Article 20 (freedom of religion). The old system, with State Shinto, is depicted above, and the new one is below.
Iguchi, Gerold Scott. Nichirenism as Modernism: Imperialism, Fascism, and Buddhism in Modern Japan.
Shields, James Mark. “Blueprint for Buddhist Revolution The Radical Buddhism of Seno’o Girō (1889–1961) and the Youth League for Revitalizing Buddhism”. Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 39, No. 2.
Lai, Whalen. “Seno’o Giro and the Dilemma of Modern Buddhism”. Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 11, No. 1.
This week, we round out our look at the hard left in Japan. Militant communist uprisings (if less than 100 people counts as an uprising), electoral maneuvering, recycling policy — this episode has it all.
This week, we’ll see how the advent of the Liberal Democratic Party kept Japan’s socialist and communist parties from real power during the postwar era. How did we get from a revolutionary moment to permanent political sidelining for the Japanese left?