In which we bring things to a close by considering the fall of the Butokukai, the spread of budo beyond Japan, the role of martial arts in the African-American community, the question of Olympic sport status, and the challenge of the UFC. It’s gonna be a busy week.
Gainty, Denis. Martial Arts and the Body Politic in Meiji Japan.
Stevens, John. The Way of Judo.
Sakakibara Kenkichi’s 1873 matches were some of Japan’s first organized swordsmanship tournaments. Many central aspects of modern kendo are derived from his model.
This picture was taken in the 1880s. By this time in his like, Sakakibara came to regret his attempt to turn samurai swordsmanship into a sport, saying that it cheapened the art.
A Japanese policeman on guard outside a koban (a sort of local mini-station). Note the walking stick in his hand; it’s not just for show!
Techniques from the Tenshin Shin’yo school of jujutsu, one of two schools from which Kano Jigoro borrowed to establish judo (the other being Kito-ryu).
Though never a physically imposing man, Kano Jigoro was a tremendously accomplished one. In addition to founding judo, he was a teacher at a very prestigious school, a cultural ambassador of Japan, and eventually a member of the International Olympic Committee.
The main gate of Eishoji, the original home of the kodokan.
The Kodokan has gotten a bit bigger as time has gone on.